The 1.CZECHOSLOVAK ARMY IN SLOVAKIA
(Slovak uprising army in the Slovak national uprising  - from august to october 1944)

 

Jan Golian was nominated to army grade of colonel of the Headquarters by the Czechoslovak exil Ministry of Defense in London on 29th August, 1944.  He allocated the 1. Czechoslovak Army in Slovakia as it was officialy called into two military defence areas (MDA) by the command from 31st August, 1944.

The MDA no.1 included reserve units of the Infantry regiment no.1, 2 and 3 and artillery units from the Artillery regiment no.1 and 11. The main task of the MDA no.1 was to defend the valley of the river Nitra and the Turiec area and to prevent the German units from saturation into the valley of the river Hron as well as the city of Banska Bystrica and Zvolen. Col.Kuna was nominated as the commander of the MDA no.1
; the headquarters was situated in Banska Bystrica.   

The MDA no.2 included reserve units of the Infantry regiment no.4, 5 and 6 and artillery units from the Artillery regiment no.2 and 12. The main task of the MDA no.2 was to defend the area of Orava, the area of lower and upper Liptov and the area of upper Spis. Col.Bodicky was nominated as the commander of the MDA no.2
; the headquarters was situated in Liptovsky Sv.Mikulas.

10th September, 1944 organisation of the 1st  Czechoslovak Army in Slovakia, considering development on the uprising frontline was changed from two the MDA to 6 tactical groups (TG). Task of the 1st TG (commander Lt-Col.Tlach) was to defend the city of Banska Bystrica and the hills of Velky and Maly Sturec. The east part of the uprising area was defended by 2nd TG (Col.M.Sirica), the southwest part was defended by 3rd TG (Col.Kuna, Col.Markus), the west entrances were defended by 4th TG (Lt-Col.Malar, Col.Markus), the area of Turiec Vrutky Kralovany was defended by 5th TG (Lt-Col.Perko) and the north area was defended by 6th TG (Lt-Col.Cernek). There was the aviation group including anti-aircraft and aviation units besides these 6 groups. The 2nd Czechoslovak paradesant brigade and the 1st Czechoslovak air-fighter regiment were included in the 1st  Czechoslovak Army in Slovakia.

5th September, 1944 Col. J.Golian was on the basis of decision nominated by the Slovak national council to army grade of brigade general. J.Golian became the deputy of the general Rudolf Viest, commander of the uprising army, in 7th October, 1944. 

According to the norms valid in the Slovak army in 1944 a squadron as, as the smallest military unit, had 10 privates, a platoon had 3 squadrons, an observer and couplers, 34 privates altogether. A company had 4 officers, 5 petty officers, 113 privates in 3 platoons, 4 couplers. The company was equipped by 83 rifles (Mk.24), 9 machine-guns (Mk.26), 9 mortars and 180 hand grenades. The  battalion consisted of 3 companies. HQ of battalion with the company staff and supporting platoon had 9 officers, 7 petty oficers, 98 privates with 69 rifles and 26 guns, 8 anti-tank guns and 4 mortars. The battalion had 48 horses, 23 carriges, 1 truck, 1 personal car and 1 motor-cycle too. The battalion had 480 privates altogether.


Author: Panzer Marder


 

 









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